J. Kornell, Z.N. Gastelum, B.L. Goldblum, “Informational Sensing for Nonproliferation” ANS Topical Meeting: Advances in Nuclear Nonproliferation Technology and Policy Conference (ANTPC), Santa Fe, NM, USA, 25-30 September 2016.
Verifying nuclear nonproliferation is difficult, in that the goal is to continually confirm the absence of undeclared nuclear materials and activities, to say with high confidence that what we don’t see doesn’t exist. The nuclear security community has largely relied on physical sensing for detection of potential clandestine activity. There are many kinds of information that could complement physical sensing, including open source data, publicly available images produced by commercial or scientific satellites, networked sensors, various societal verification tools, quantitative political science datasets, and social media.